Put Option

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Call and put options are examples of stock derivatives - their value is derived from the value of the underlying stock. For example, a call option goes up in price when the price of the underlying stock rises. And you don't have to own the stock to profit from the price rise of the stock. A put option goes up in price when the price of the underlying stock goes down.

As with a call option, you don't have to own the stock. But if you do, the put acts as a hedge - as the stock price goes down, the value of the put goes up so you are hedged against the downside. You make money on options if your bet on the direction of price movement of the call and put options examples stock is correct. If not, you'll probably loose most or all the money you paid for the option.

Options are very sensitive to changes in the price of the underlying stocks. Like gambling you can make or lose money very quickly. Because option prices change quite rapidly, owning them requires that you spend a significant amount of time monitoring price changes in the stock and the option. And if you're wrong about the price movement, be prepared to lose all or a significant portion call and put options examples the money you paid for the options. A call is a contract that gives the owner the right, but not the obligation, to buy shares of a stock at a fixed price, called the strike price, on or before the options expiration date.

If the value of the stock goes down, the price of the option goes down, and you could hold call and put options examples or sell it at a loss. The price that you pay for a call option depends on many factors two of which include: See the following videos: If you own a stock, you may buy a put as a form of insurance. If the stock falls in price, the put rises in price and helps offset the paper decline in the call and put options examples stock. If you don't own the stock but think it will go down in price, you buy the put to profit from the decline in price of the stock.

If the stock call and put options examples declines, the value of the put rises and you would sell the put for a profit. If the stock increases in price you may sell the put for call and put options examples loss. A put option is a contract that gives you the right, but not the obligation, to sell a stock at a preset price. The price that you pay for a put option depends the duration of the contract the longer the duration, the more you pay and how far the current price of the stock is from the strike price of the contract.

Put buying is different from selling short. With a put option your only liability is the price you paid for the put. With a short call and put options examples, you have an unlimited downside liability if the stock goes up.

Also, the proceeds from selling short are in a margin account so you have to pay interest and meet margin requirements. Buying puts is a more conservative way of betting on a stock declining in price. Selling a Call For every buyer of a call there must be a seller, who assumes that the stock price will remain flat or go down.

The seller collects the purchase price of the option but has the obligation to sell shares of the stock if the buyer decides to exercise the option. If the seller gets called - he must sell the stock. If the stock continues to appreciate in price after the stock is sold, the seller looses the future price gain.

In most cases you must own shares of the stock for each contract you sell - this is called a covered call. Therefore, if your stock gets called away, you have the shares in your account. You can sell covered calls to generate a stream of income. If the stock price does not rise enough during the period of the contract, you won't get called and won't have to sell the stock so you keep the money you received when you sold the call. If your broker lets you, you may sell "uncovered "or "naked" calls in a margin account.

This practice lets you sell calls when you don't own the stock. If you get called, you must buy the stock at its current market value to cover the call even when the market price is higher than the strike price of the option. Like any margin account transaction, you must execute the transaction immediately. The seller of a put collects the purchase price of the option from the buyer of the put.

The seller has the obligation to buy shares at the strike price regardless of the market value of the underlying stock. So if the put buyer decides to exercise the put contract, the seller of the put has to buy the shares at the strike price no matter the current market value of the stock. When you sell a put, you want the price of the stock to go up so you call and put options examples get the stock put to you - buy the stock for more than it's worth. Selling a put places the money you receive in a margin account so you pay interest on the proceeds until the put contract is closed.

If you don't have the financial resources to cover the obligation of buying the stock from the buyer of the put, you sold "naked puts". It tells about a trader who sold naked puts and experienced financial ruin.

It was an unhedged bet, or what was called on Wall Street a "naked put" On October 27,the market plummeted seven per cent, and Niederhoffer had to produce huge amounts of cash to back up all the options he'd sold at pre-crash strike prices.

He ran through a hundred and thirty million dollars - his cash reserves, his savings, his other stocks-and when his broker came and asked for still more he didn't have it. In a day, one of the most successful hedge funds in America was wiped out.

Niederhoffer was forced to shut down his firm. He had to mortgage his house. He had to borrow money from his children. He had to call Sotheby's and sell his prized silver collection Use calls and puts judiciously. If you're right, you can make quick money. If you're wrong, you can lose part or all of your investment very quickly. Do not sell "naked" options. You may be inviting a financial disaster.

Knowledgeable, experienced investors may want to sell covered calls and puts to collect other peoples money. Because the price of options can change very quickly and dramatically, you must continually watch their price movement.

If you not prepared to do so, don't buy or sell options. Alternative Actions for the Call Buyer. Alternative Demo forex account for the Put Buyer. Alternative Actions for the Call Call and put options examples. Alternative Actions for the Put Seller. What the call buyer may do. Exercise call option if the stock price rises above the strike price. Buy shares at strike price, which is less than market price buy stock for call and put options examples than it's worth.

Exercise option if the stock price declines. Sell shares at strike price, which is more than market price sell stock for more than it's worth. Put buyer must own shares to sell. Can already own them or buy them at market call and put options examples, which is less than strike price. What the call seller may do. Sell shares at the strike price to call and put options examples call buyer if the call buyer exercises the call option.

If the call seller already has shares in his account, they are sold to the buyer at the strike price. If the call seller does not have shares, he must buy the shares on the open market at a price greater than the strike price. What the put seller must do.

Buy shares from the put buyer if the put buyer exercises the put option. If the put seller already has money in his account to buy the call and put options examples, the put option is covered.

If the seller does not have money to buy the stock, the put option is naked. The put seller must come up with money to buy the stock.

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Further we looked at four different variants originating from these 2 options —. Think of it this way — if you give a good artist a color palette and canvas he can create some really interesting paintings, similarly a good trader can use these four option variants to create some really good trades. Imagination and intellect is the only requirement for creating these option trades. Hence before we get deeper into options, it is important to have a strong foundation on these four variants of options.

For this reason, we will quickly summarize what we have learnt so far in this module. Arranging the Payoff diagrams in the above fashion helps us understand a few things better. Let me list them for you —.

Going by that, buying a call option and buying a put option is called Long Call and Long Put position respectively. Going by that, selling a call option and selling a put option is also called Short Call and Short Put position respectively. However I think it is best to reiterate a few key points before we make further progress in this module.

Buying an option call or put makes sense only when we expect the market to move strongly in a certain direction. If fact, for the option buyer to be profitable the market should move away from the selected strike price. Selecting the right strike price to trade is a major task; we will learn this at a later stage.

For now, here are a few key points that you should remember —. The option sellers call or put are also called the option writers.

Selling an option makes sense when you expect the market to remain flat or below the strike price in case of calls or above strike price in case of put option. I want you to appreciate the fact that all else equal, markets are slightly favorable to option sellers. This is because, for the option sellers to be profitable the market has to be either flat or move in a certain direction based on the type of option.

However for the option buyer to be profitable, the market has to move in a certain direction. Clearly there are two favorable market conditions for the option seller versus one favorable condition for the option buyer. But of course this in itself should not be a reason to sell options. This means to say that the option writers earn small and steady returns by selling options, but when a disaster happens, they tend to lose a fortune.

Well, with this I hope you have developed a strong foundation on how a Call and Put option behaves. Just to give you a heads up, the focus going forward in this module will be on moneyness of an option, premiums, option pricing, option Greeks, and strike selection. Once we understand these topics we will revisit the call and put option all over again. This information is highlighted in the red box. Below the red box, I have highlighted the price information of the premium. If you notice, the premium of the CE opened at Rs.

Moves like this should not surprise you. These are fairly common to expect in the options world. Assume in this massive swing you managed to capture just 2 points while trading this particular option intraday. This translates to a sweet Rs. In fact this is exactly what happens in the real world. Traders just trade premiums. Hardly any traders hold option contracts until expiry. Most of the traders are interested in initiating a trade now and squaring it off in a short while intraday or maybe for a few days and capturing the movements in the premium.

They do not really wait for the options to expire. These details are marked in the blue box. Below this we can notice the OHLC data, which quite obviously is very interesting. The CE premium opened the day at Rs. However assume you were a seller of the call option intraday and you managed to capture just 2 points again, considering the lot size is , the 2 point capture on the premium translates to Rs.

However by no means I am suggesting that you need not hold until expiry, in fact I do hold options till expiry in certain cases. Generally speaking option sellers tend to hold contracts till expiry rather than option buyers. This is because if you have written an option for Rs.

So having said that the traders prefer to trade just the premiums, you may have a few fundamental questions cropping up in your mind.

Why do premiums vary? What is the basis for the change in premium? How can I predict the change in premiums? Who decides what should be the premium price of a particular option? Well, these questions and therefore the answers to these form the crux of option trading. To give you a heads up — the answers to all these questions lies in understanding the 4 forces that simultaneously exerts its influence on options premiums, as a result of which the premiums vary.

Think of this as a ship sailing in the sea. The speed at which the ship sails assume its equivalent to the option premium depends on various forces such as wind speed, sea water density, sea pressure, and the power of the ship. Some forces tend to increase the speed of the ship, while some tend to decrease the speed of the ship.

The ship battles these forces and finally arrives at an optimal sailing speed. Crudely put, some Option Greeks tends to increase the premium, while some try to reduce the premium.

Try and imagine this — the Option Greeks influence the option premium however the Option Greeks itself are controlled by the markets. As the markets change on a minute by minute basis, therefore the Option Greeks change and therefore the option premiums! Going forward in this module, we will understand each of these forces and its characteristics.

We will understand how the force gets influenced by the markets and how the Option Greeks further influences the premium. We will do the same in the next chapter. A quick note here — the topics going forward will get a little complex, although we will try our best to simplify it.

While we do that, we would request you to please be thorough with all the concepts we have learnt so far. Thanks a lot for sharing learning material, it is really helpful for beginners like me to understand the concept and strategy of share market.. We are trying out best to complete the modules as fast as we can.

European option means the settlement is on expiry day. However, you can just speculate on option premiums…and by virtue of which, you can hold the position for few mins or days. Also we have potential of unlimited profit in long call or long put and even we can trail stoploss of premiums. Thank you so much for your articles sir. Cause sitting in front of computer is not possible. Even if we r there we may miss the trade id doing some thing else at the time we are suppose to trade or squareoff the tyrade.

Till now it has been very clear and crisp. Thanks for that and hope that further chapters will also come the same way. We will be discussing SL based on Volatility very soon. Request you to kindly stay tuned till then. We certainly hope to keep the future chapters as easy and lucid as the previous ones have been. Hi Really nice initiative sir. Hello Sir, if I buy a lot of , call option of strike price at a premium of Rs 2 with a spot price of Now if the price moves to and premium is now at 3 so would be my profit??

Firstly, if the spot moves from to , the premium of the Call option will certainly be more than Rs. Your profits would be —. Hello Sir, I am still confused with the way the profit is calculated.

Might be, I am not able to get what u explained and I am really sorry for asking it again. In some of your replies, you mentioned that the profit is calculated as per the difference of spot price and strike price and in some replies u mentioned that it is as per the difference of premium. In case of 1 lot of shares the profit would be.

So which of the above options are correct??? Is there a difference if I am closing my position before expiry or excersize it at expiry? For all practical purposes I would suggest you use the 2nd way of calculating profits…i.

Do remember the premium paid for this option is Rs 6. Irrespective of how the spot value changes, the fact that I have paid Rs. This is the cost that I have incurred in order to buy the Call Option. Please note — the negative sign before the premium paid represents a cash out flow from my trading account. This lead to my confusion.

Got your point, see if you are holding the option till expiry you will end up getting the amount equivalent to the intrensic value of the option. I have explained more on this in the recent chapter on Theta…but I would suggest you read up sequentially and not really jump directly to Theta.

The calculation provided by karthik in chapter 3 is for expiry calculation on expirt date.. Hope this clears your doubt.. The minimum value for this option should be STT stands for Security Transaction Tax, which is levied by the Government whenever a person does any transaction on the exchange.